Las demandas laborales y su relación con el bienestar psicológico y físico: El papel mediador de la rumiación sobre el trabajo

Ernesto Rosario-Hernández, Liliana Díaz Pla, José A. Soto Franceschini, Xiomara Arzola Berrios, Elisa Santiago Pacheco, Laura Bisbal Vicente, Liliana Hernández Martínez, Lillian V. Rovira Millán, Celeste Segarra Colondres, Anastacio Rodríguez Irizarry


El propósito del presente estudio fue examinar la relación entre las demandas laborales, el bienestar psicológico y físico en una muestra de personas empleadas en diferentes organizaciones de Puerto Rico. Además, se analizó el papel mediador de la rumiación sobre el trabajo en la relación de estas variables. Los participantes fueron 794 personas que trabajaban al menos 20 horas a la semana de las cuales el 42.6% (338) eran hombres y un 54.7% (434) eran mujeres. Un 23.2% (184) ocupaba un puesto gerencial, un 72.7% (577) tenía un puesto permanente y un 77.7% (617) trabajaba para la empresa privada. Los resultados sugieren que existe una relación entre las demandas laborales y un pobre bienestar psicológico y físico. Además, se encontró que la rumiación relacionada al trabajo media la relación entre las demandas laborales, y el bienestar psicológico y físico. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas de los resultados para las organizaciones.

Cómo citar este artículo:  Rosario-Hernández, E., Díaz Pla, L., Soto Franceschini, J., Arzola Berrios, X., Santiago Pacheco, E., Bisbal Vicente, L., ... Rodríguez Irizarry, A. (2013). Las demandas laborales y su relación con el bienestar psicológico y físico: El papel mediador de la rumiación sobre el trabajo. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional. 32(2), pp. 69-95

Palabras clave

Demandas Laborales; Bienestar Psicológico; Rumiación sobre el Trabajo; Job Demands; Psychological Well-Being; Work-Related Rumination

Texto completo:



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